Why Do We Exfoliate?
Exfoliation - What is it and Why do we do it?
Your skin is constantly repairing and replacing itself. Because of this your skin can have layers upon layers of dead skin cells all over your face, body and feet. Exfoliation is the process of removing the dead skin cells from the outer layer by using a exfoliant. This can be in the form of chemical or physical. By removing the dead skin cells you will have a healthier and more glowing skin.
Glowing skin is certainly a perk. Exfoliation can also help with the overall health of your skin as it helps to stimulate collagen production and by removing g the dead skin cells it will assist in better absorption of skin care products.
How will exfoliating bring benefits?
There are several ways in which exfoliation brings improvement to your skin.
Your skin will look brighter. The effectiveness of other skincare products that are being applied topically, will be able to absorb better. Clogged pores can be reduced with regular exfoliation. This will result in less breakouts. Collagen production is also stimulated with exfoliation.
Physical exfoliators are products or methods that require manual scrubbing.
Cleansing scrubs, body brush and loofahs are amongst the common methods of physical exfoliations.
Manual exfoliation materials include:
- Cleansing scrubs
- Exfoliating Mitts
- Dry Brushes
- Pumice stones
- Micro needling/Micro derma rollers
With ingredients in your kitchen pantry you can create your very own effective scrub.
For example, sugar and milk contain acids that assist with the exfoliation process. Coffee can offer antioxidant properties when used as a scrub and raw honey can aid in wound healing.
How to choose a products
Over the counter options are endless. There are multiple options to choose from for different skin types, face, body and feet.
Here are some tips to keep in mind:
Check the scope:
You should never use a scrub that is meant for the body on the face. These scrubs are usually harsher and could cause tears in delicate facial tissue.
Use one product at a time:
It can be tempting to buy a full set of products, however, you should not use more than one exfoliant at a time. Skin can become damaged and sensitive if more than one exfoliant is used on an area.
Your skin needs might change through different seasons. For example using something that contains charcoal when your skin becomes oily.
What works best on my skin type?
Irritation is minimized and best possible results are achieved when you are able to use a exfoliating technique that suits your skin type the best.
BHAs are typically less irritating than chemical or physical exfoliants to the skin. Sensitive skin could have an underlying condition such as eczema or rosacea. It is best to consult with a dermatologist or healthcare provider before using a new product.
People who have normal skin are able to try different exfoliating techniques or products without experiencing irritation or sensitivity. It comes down to personal preference.
Dry skin tends to be very dry and flaky. Exfoliation allows the skin o be moisturised and hydrated because the surface layers are broken down.
Stronger chemical and physical exfoliators are able to be used by people who have a oily skin.
Products should be alternated and individually focused on each area. Combination skin is a mix of oily and dry sections.
Not sure what your skin type is? Find out here.
When should I exfoliate?
If your skin looks dull, you can exfoliate in the morning. Exfoliating in the evening will help remove any excess makeup and debris. This all depends on your personal preference and your daily routine
How to exfoliate
Start by washing your face with a regular cleanser. Take a pea size amount of your physical exfoliant, apply to your face using circular movements. Gently massage the product onto the skin for 30 – 60 seconds. Rinse off with warm water and gently pat dry your skin. Next, apply your serum and moisturiser.
How often should you exfoliate?
It is widely recommended to exfoliate two to three times a week. More than this you might cause your skin to become sensitised from over exfoliating.
This use to be a key ingredient for exfoliators. Because the microbeads are rinsed away down the drain they contaminate the water supply and have since been banned by many countries. This should no longer be your first option. Keep looking for other ways to exfoliate your skin.
There are many options and ways to exfoliate your skin, from DIY to over-the-counter products or even professional treatments. Always make sure to not over exfoliate the skin and should you have any underlying conditions to first visit your healthcare provider or dermatologist.